Hi! As what I mentioned in my previous post, I'd write more details about our meetings with Mr. Funda Tezok and our visit to Turkish Foreign Ministry. In this post, I will describe our meeting with Mr. Funda Tezok first, and the visit to Turkish Foreign Ministry will be in the later post. Always hope you will catch up.
So, Mr. Funda Tezok is a lecturer of Hacettepe University, International Relations department. The reason we chose him is because he is a senior figure in the field of International relations with years of experience as former diplomat of Turkey, such as being the consul general in Stuttgart, Germany. Our aim was to inquire his perspectives on Indonesian Foreign Policy based on his expertise in International Relations, also share about his experience in those fields.
In case you have no idea about how Indonesian Foreign Policy works in detail, I will present you here the overview. First, Indonesian Foreign Policy is based on the principle of Free and Active Foreign Policy. Free means Indonesia is free to build any partnerships with other countries. Active means Indonesia plays active roles on many levels of cooperation. This principle is implemented and proven by Indonesia's active role. In bilateral level, Indonesia maintains 94 embassies abroad as well as 80 consulates and 3 other representations. The Indonesian capital Jakarta hosts 97 embassies, and in addition there are 74 consulates and 1 other representations in Indonesia. In multilateral level, Indonesia is member of several organizations, such as ASEAN, UN, G20, APEC, ARF, D-8, Non Alignment Movement, OIC, FEALAC, ASEM, SWPD, PIF, NAASP, WTO, South-South Partnership.
However, there has been a shift in the doctrine of Foreign Policy from the previous president Mr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to current president Mr. Joko WIdodo. While the former tended to aim to security and relations with having "Millions Friends, Zero Enemy" as its motto, the latter focus on the development on Indonesian role in maritime as pictured in the motto "World Maritime Axis". This shift was emphasized by Mr. Jokowi's speech in the APEC summit in Beijing, China November 10th-12nd 2014. (Full text from the speech is added in the bottom of this post)
To achieve the aim of becoming the World Maritime Axis, Indonesia's main efforts are:
•The efforts to rebuild the culture of maritime
•The efforts to protect and manage the marine resources
•The efforts to develop the infrastructure and maritime connectivity
•The efforts to omit the source of conflicts in the sea
•The efforts to build the maritime defense power
Indonesia has also set some agendas to support the plan. The agendas are specifically aimed to increase the participation of the groups who previously does not have enough access towards the development and growth of Indonesia like low-income groups.Those agendas are:
•Enhancement of Indonesia’s competitiveness through investment permit’s simplification and by forming one-stop national services.
•Enhancement of the national tax ratio towards GDP by improving the taxation systems’ transparency and technology. •Reallocating fuel subsidies for financing infrastructure like roads, industries, seaports and supporting people’s welfare programs.
•Reallocation of fuel subsidies will be channeling also for human development by launching several people’s welfare programs thus people will have assurance for their free education, health services and welfare services.
After having presented the overview of Indonesian Foreign Policy to Mr. Tezok, he asked about the development of manufacture to support the process. Then we explained about the sea ports and sea tolls in Indonesia.
As conclusion, he said that he believes that Indonesia will be the world maritime axis, based on the Indonesia's potency in the present, and Indonesia's glory in the past in the maritime world. After having a chat about how life is for us in Turkey and his experience working in the field of International relations, we finished the meeting.
That is all from our first meeting. My next post will describe the visit we had to Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Have a goody day!
Extra: This is the transcription of Mr. Joko Widodo's speech in APEC summit.
Excellencies, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, and CEOs, good morning.
First, on behalf of the Indonesian Government and the people of Indonesia, I would like to thank you for coming to my presentation. Today, I am happy, I am very happy, to be with you, because you know I was a businessman years ago. So, this morning, I am very happy because we can talk about business, about investment with all of you.
The picture shows you our map of Indonesia. We have a population of 240 million and the distance is like from London in UK to Istanbul in Turkey. And imagine, we have 17,000 islands. 17,000 islands.
Our national budget for 2015 is $167 billion and for fuel subsidy is $27 billion. It’s huge. So we want to channel our fuel subsidy from consumption to the productive activities. From consumptive activities to productive activities. We want to channel our fuel subsidy to the farm for seeds, for fertilizers, and also for irrigation. And we want to build dams – 25 dams in 5 years from our fuel subsidy to maintain the water supply to the farming area.
Some subsidy we want to channel to the fishermen, to give them boat engines, to give them refrigerators. We want to increase the income of the fishermen. Some fuel subsidy we want to give to micro and small enterprises in the villages. We want to help them raise their working capital. And some subsidy we want to channel to the health program, the education program. And some subsidy we want to channel to infrastructure.
In 5 years we want to build 24 seaports and deep seaports. As you know, we have 17,000 islands, so we need seaports and we need deep seaports. And this is your opportunity: 24 seaports and deep seaports.
The picture shows our Jakarta Port, Tanjung Priok port. In 2009, the capacity is 3.6 million TEUs a year, and our plan in 2017 is around 15 million TEUs a year. This is the potential ports in Indonesia. This is your opportunity. We want to build in Sumatera island, in Kalimantan island, in Java island, in Sulawesi island, in Maluku island, also in Papua island.
And we plan to build our railway track, railway network. Now we have already in Java and we want to build in Sumatera island, in Kalimantan island, in Sulawesi island and also in Papua island. This is your opportunity.
Now we talk about mass transportation. We want to build our mass transportation in 6 big cities in Indonesia. We have started in Jakarta last year, and we want to build in Medan, in Makassar, in Semarang, in Bandung, in Surabaya. So, this is also your opportunity, because you know our national budget is limited.
Now we talk about our maritime agenda. We want to build sea toll. What is sea toll? Sea toll is maritime transportation system to make our transportation cost lower, to make our transportation cost more efficient. We want to build from the west to the east. We hope not only the vessels can enter our sea toll but also mother vessels can enter the sea toll. So, the price, the cost of the transportation is more efficient.
For example, the price of the cement, one sack cement, in Java island is $6 per sack cement. But in Papua island the price is $150 per sack cement. Imagine, 25 times. So we hope with our sea toll the price in our islands is the same.
Electricity. We need power plants. We need around 35,000 megavolts to build our industries, to build our projects, to build our industrial zones, our manufacturing zones. So, we need power plants. This is also your opportunity to invest in this project. Because we need our power plants for manufacturing, for industrial zones.
Many investors, a lot of investors, when they come to me, most of them they always complain about land acquisition. I will push my ministers, my governors, my mayors, to help clear this problem. I have experience with land acquisition when I was a governor. We have a project, the Jakarta Outer Ring Road, started 15 years ago but was stopped 8 years ago, because we have a problem here: 1.5 kilometers unfinished because there is 143 families who do not accept with the compensation price. So last year I invite them. I go to them then I invite them to lunch and dinner. Four times. Ah, this is me. I invite them and then we talk about the problem. Four times. Four times meeting. And the problem is cleared.
And now the toll road has been used (starting) 7 month ago.
Now we talk business permit. We have national one-stop service office that can help you, that will serve you, that will facilitate you, that will give you your business permit. For example, principle business permit needs 3 days to process.
Finally, again on behalf of the Indonesian government and the people of Indonesia, I would like to thank you for your listening (to) my presentation. We are waiting for you to come to Indonesia. We are waiting for you to invest in Indonesia.
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